Peacekeeping is a difficult task to achieve. For almost 60 years, the United Nations have taken countless initiatives to promote global peace. Many efforts have succeeded and Nobel Peace prizes have been distributed to those who have made outstanding efforts in its cause. Even so, conflicts and wars still happen somewhere in the world.
The World War I had disastrous effects to the world; yet, a second Great War broke out again some years after. International Peace Organizations and other foundations launch different services and actions to attain durable peace. Yet, some countries get back to war again. Thus, the question is, “Is it possible for a state to achieve sustainable peace?”
Can a state be at peace in a sustainable way?
To achieve sustainable peace, it is vital for a state to adopt some of the following essential peacekeeping strategies, according to the situation in the country:
- Conflict prevention and effective conflict management
- Humanitarian assistance
- Citizen empowerment
- Rehabilitation programs
How can each strategy ensure sustainable peace to a state?
Conflict prevention and effective conflict management
Conflict prevention is essential to ensure sustainable peace. Conflicts can be prevented through round-table discussions in order to resolve the problems peacefully, without resorting to violence. No matter how serious the conflict is, it should be always resolved through peace talks and negotiations under the guidance of mediators.
For example, land ownership conflicts often turn into violence if the problem is not resolved in time. Therefore, it is important to deal with the conflict as soon as it arises.
This strategy consists of providing the basic needs of the deprived people, refugees, or detainees, natural-disaster victims. In order to sustain peace, there should not be any discrimination in humanitarian aid distribution. This may include food aid, health care, drinking water, soaps, and any fundamental needs.
For example, after a flood, many people who live in lowlands have to leave their home and move to a shelter. Yet, they are deprived of their basic needs like a shower, or adequate food, which prevents them from actively participating in their daily tasks. Thus, it is essential to provide them with their basic needs to preserve peace. For that purpose, Prem Rawat created a peace organization, which is called the Prem Rawat Foundation (TPRF) to provide humanitarian services to the needy. Visit the website : https://www.tprf.org/
Citizen empowerment is giving citizens the opportunity to participate actively in the development of their community. In fact, conflicts often arise because of the violation of human rights.
For example, to address the issue of domestic violence, it is crucial to empower women so that they know their rights and so that they can speak out against their abuser. As a result, when they are empowered to use the mass media, for example, to speak out, it will contribute to solving the issue peacefully.
Rehabilitation programs involve correcting and re-educating delinquents or any unlawful citizens. The aim is to help them reintegrate in the society after they have served their sentence. For example, delinquents can be given some vocative training during their detention period, with the aim to refrain them from getting back to their unlawful acts, and to facilitate their reintegration in their community.